In the first two decades of the 17th Century, while Spain largely dominated fashion, a very small, emerging country increasingly asserted its position in the European scenario: Netherland.

Netherland, which was spared from the ravages of the 30-year war, has become a leading economic and trading power. Much like during the Renaissance, art bloomed in all its forms on the wake of Netherland's rise. Rembrandt, Rubens, Van Dyck, etc. produced their masterworks during this period. Garments are lush and impressive, collars enormous, skirts, richly layered on top of each other, are extremely wide. Black is initially favoured only to be superseded in the 30s by brighter colours.